Symptoms of Fungal Infections on the Feet
Health & Beauty / /
Superficial fungal infections are among the most common skin diseases occurring in millions of individuals per year.
The growing trends of obesity, aging and the decline in immunity of the population contribute to increased incidence of fungal infections. Tinea pedis (athletic or sports foot) and tinea unguium (onomycosis) infections make up more than 29.6% of all fungal infections. The athletic foot is a name for the fungal infection that occurs on the skin. Most of this kind of infections are caused by two types of fungi -- Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton rubrum.
Fungi from the genus trichophyton mentagrophytes usually reach people through infected animals. They live on the surface of skin, hair and nails, and by growing they break down the keratin and cause inflammation. Infections on the skin are manifested as circular, slightly embossed changes with pale in the middle, a mild scaling and bubbles on the edges. The scales on the skin can be separated and the injured skin remains clogged, damp and red.
Fungi from the genus trichophyton rubrum can cause heel and foot infections that begin with itching, dryness, burning sensation and then passing into thickened, scaly or skin that is peeling off, depending on the location on the foot. This type of fungus stays for a long time on the skin, therefore the treatment should also be applied for a longer period.
Due to the local changes this two are the most common forms of athletic foot:
Moccasin type: changes mostly affect the soles of the feet
Interdigital type: affects the areas between the toes
The fungal infection itself can also be transmitted to other areas on the body, most often on the hands and groins.
The infection is easily transmitted, so be particularly careful. The source of infection is a scaly skin that is discharged from the infected person and contains infectious fungal elements.
You can get it by touching the infected skin area of the person who has it or it is more likely to pick it up in public places such as pools, showers or saunas because fungi favor a damp and hot environment mainly for reproduction.
The same dangers are threatening nails on the feet. Those fungal infections in medical terminology are known as onomycosis.
Fungal infections gradually catch the nail and can completely destroy it. In the initial stage of the infection the nail color is most commonly changed, then the nail becomes thicker, twisted and fragile. Exposure to moisture and heat can have an additional impact in developing fungal infections.
Most changes on the feet can retract within a few weeks by using creams or solutions. Nails that are affected by fungi should be treated considerably longer - from 4 to 6 months - because they often tend to return.