Why is memory giving up on us?
Health & Beauty / /
Experts who study human memory agree in at least one thing - the more we try to stay mentally active, it better our memory is. In addition, the brain cannot be overfilled with information. On the contrary, our memory capacity is constantly improving. The more we know, more new information can be adopted.
Scientists usually have different opinions, so they cannot even agree on everything. However, many of them believe that our short-term and long-term memories are separated. While short-term memory capabilities are limited, long-lasting options are inexhaustible. What are the possibilities of short-term memory? There is no single opinion here, but figures range four to nine information. Check this out so that you try to remember a list of different unrelated words for two minutes. Try to write the words that you have memorized later.
If the possibilities of long-term memory are unlimited, what are the most common reasons for forgetting information? Prof. Elizabeth Loftus of the University of California, Irvine, revealed four main reasons for forgetfulness: failure to recover information from memory, interference, failure to store information in memory, and deliberately forgetting information related to a traumatic event.
1. Failure to recover information from memory
Has it ever happened that part of some information simply evaporated from your mind? Or you have something on the tip of the tongue, but you cannot remember it? According to the theory of decay this can happen if we rarely look back on some memories. This theory is not supported by the fact that even memories we have not thought of for a long time can be stable and long-lasting.
According to the second theory, a memory can be affected or disturbed by other memories. If the information is very similar to the previous one, this interference or 'noise of memory' occurs more often.There are two basic types of interference:
- proactive interference, in which old memory prevents the memory of new information
- retroactive interference, which occurs if new information impedes the recollection of already learned information
3. Failure to store information in memory immediately at the beginning
Sometimes the loss of information has less to do with memory, and more so with the fact that it never came in long-lasting memory. Namely, many trivial details of some objects or events can never even be remembered well enough.
4. Deliberately forgetting things associated with a traumatic event
Sometimes we try to forget, especially what disturbed us. The two main ways are: consciously suppression and unconscious suppression. However, all psychologists disagree with the fact that there is an unconscious suppression. It should also be clear that memory is maintained by recalling and talking about the events or objects, and traumatic memories are usually not the subject of discussion, nor do we want to recall them.