World's First Human Head Transplant Set In December
Science & Tech / /
The world's first human head transplant is shocking people ever since the idea first appeared few years ago. A 30-year old man from Russia is the first who will participate in this operation voluntarily.
The Italian neurosurgeon Sergio Canavero has gained planetary popularity few years ago after declaring that he plans to perform the first human head transplantation. Beside the numerous gaps of scientific and ethical nature, it seems that his intentions are serious and the transplant will be conducted in December this year.
As East Texas Matters reports, Dr. Canavero announced the world's first human head operation in 2013 and recruited a Chinese surgeon to be his assistant for the operation. The Italian surgeon had been studied and planned the operation for 30 years and believes it is possible.
The volunteer for the operation is a Russian man named Valery Spiridonov, who suffers from Werdnig-Hoffmann Disease that ‘ties’ him to a wheelchair enabling him only limited movement of the arms. It is a rare and often fatal genetic disorder that breaks down the muscles and kills nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord making it impossible for the body to move.
Doctors believe that Spiridonov will keep his whole self even after the transplantation, including cognition, personality, and self identity. Two Italian bioethicists say that “despite his [Canavero’s] vision, modern cognitive science shows that our cognition is an embodied cognition, in which the body is a real part in the formation of human self. Therefore, the person will encounter huge difficulties to incorporate the new body in its already existing body schema and body image that would have strong implications on human identity.”
The operation will involve removing the head of Spiridonov, cooled in in about less than 15 degree Celsius in order to heal from bleeding out and then the head will be reattached to a dead body from a donor. If all things go according to the plan, the patient can regain his muscle control on the new body.
The whole procedure in right now in a stage of waiting for permission to use a donated body from a young male brain dead patient.
According to Science Times, the world's first human head transplant will cost $20 million with a team of more than 150 doctors, technicians, nurses, and head of the team.