Here's how contraceptive pills work on a woman’s body
Health & Beauty / /
We take contraceptive pills as a replacement for female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) to prevent pregnancy. At the same time, high levels of these hormones in the body that body can cause some side effects.
Myths related to contraception are actually possible side effects of hormones that can be find in contraceptive pills. The most common side effects are health endangering and occur in only 10 - 15% of women using them (scanty bleeding, nausea, flatulence).
Sex hormones and their effects
Sex hormones that are produced in certain quantities in ovaries and in other organs especially in the adrenal gland, fat tissue and brain, have many effects not only on the sexual function but on the functioning of other organs as well.
In the brain they affect the concentration, memory, mood, sexual desire, also affect the metabolism of sugar, fat, protein and minerals, skin and hair quality, bone and blood vessels quality, etc.
Side effects of contraceptive pills
Gestagens, a class of steroid hormones that ctivate the progesterone receptor, except for progesterone effect have also different effect on the metabolism of sugar, fat and minerals. Their effect is similar to the effect of the male sex hormone--androgen.
If a woman has a tendency to osteoporosis, reduced sexual desire, or notes a weakened concentration and memory, the doctor will probably recommend a gestagen product that has more emphasized androgenic effect. At the same time, such preparation will not be recommended to women with low tolerance of sugar and high level of fats.
Sometimes a strong desire for food may occur, but contraceptive pills are not a direct cause of weight gain. Some products may lead to water retention in the body that causes a feeling of obesity, but over time this effect will disappear, if not replace the product you are using with another one after consulting a doctor.
If the patient has noticeably more hair on the face and body, a gestagen-producing product that is opposite to the androgens will be chosen, but in this case reduced sexual desire may appear as a side effect.
It has been proven that contraceptive pills reduce the most common symptoms of PMS and in some cases even improve the state of depression.
Contraceptive pills are effective in preventing pregnancy, but do not prevent sexually transmitted infections (Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, HPV, HSV, HIV ...). Therefore, the use of a pill requires responsible sexual behavior .