Climate Change is Affecting Coffee Production
Science & Tech / /
The impact of climate change is already dramatically reflecting our world, from the sacking of coral reefs, the impact on the food, to the melting of ice at the poles of our planet - but a new research suggests that rising temperatures also threatens our coffee inventory in almost every country.This report has summarized research from all around the world which are about the effect of climate change on coffee production - and the result does not look good.
We're fearful that by 2050, we might see as much as a 50 per cent decline in productivity and production of coffee around the world, which is not so good,
Commented Molly Harriss Olson, the chief executive of Fairtrade Australia and New Zealand, which commissioned the report.
In addition to the 50 percent reduction in production, the wild coffee - which is an important genetic resource for farmers in coffee - may completely disappear.
In the so-called "Grain belt" which includes countries such as Colombia, Brazil, Ethiopia and Vietnam - temperatures have already risen by 1.3 degrees Celsius. And in Tanzania, where 2.4 million people work in the coffee industry, yields have declined by nearly 50 percent from 1960.
One of the biggest problems is in fact that one of the two main varieties of coffee - Arabica ( "Coffea Arabica") which comprises about 70 percent of the global stock, is incredibly sensitive to heat. At temperatures higher than 23 degrees Celsius, the plant accelerates its growth and fruit, which damages the quality of grain- which is explained in the report.
However the temperature is not the only problem.
It's not just the heat, which is a big factor which is driving some of the regions where coffee is produced uphill. We're also seeing extra diseases increasing and being able to go up into those areas.
Said John Connor, CEO of the Climate Institute which compiled the report
According to him, they have witnessed the rise of additional diseases such as "coffee rust" and pests as "coffee berry borer" - bug which has already caused the coffee industry to lose hundreds of millions of dollars annually.
For the customers of 2.25 billion cups of coffee every day, the main impact will be the continued increase in the price of coffee because it will have difficulties in growing. But for workers in the countries of the "belt of grains" RESULTS might be more difficult because they can lose the roof over their head and revenues.
This group was founded by international companies for coffee in an attempt to use science to save the plants, and currently funds a number of projects to save the coffee, as is the creation of a bank of genes to preserve genetic diversity coffee Arabika. They are also looking to identify the coffee plants that are resistant to pests, hoping to breed new varieties that are delicious for us, and have a good taste for bugs.
Let's hope that the possibility of waking up every morning without a cup of coffee will be sufficient motivation for the world to seriously focus on this issue.